An anal fissure or rectal fissure is a break or tear in the skin of the anal canal. Anal fissures are associated with bright red anal bleeding and can be a source of severe rectal pain and discomfort. If they are acute, they will cause pain after defecation, but if they are chronic the pain may be less. Most anal fissures are caused by stretching of the anal mucosa beyond its capability. In adults, anal fissures may be the result of constipation, passing of large, hard stools, or by prolonged diarrhea. In older adults, anal fissures may be caused by decreased blood flow to the area.
The following are ways to prevent anal fissures from occurring in adults.
- Use a soft toilet paper, sanitary wipe or clean with water.
- avoid straining when using the toilet. Treat and prevent constipation by eating foods rich in dietary fiber, drinking sufficient water and occasionally using a stool softener.
If you have anal fissures, we can treat them conservatively with compounded ointments or if unresponsive we offer a variety of surgical approaches. It is important to call us for an appointment at (860) 826-3880 and make an appointment so that we can offer effective treatment.
We will properly diagnose anal fissures and work with you to get you well.